Turkey has a military base in Qatar, and in June 2017, Turkish parliament fast-tracked the deployment of Turkish troops in Qatar. Turkey plans to eventually station 3,000 troops on Qatari soil. Trade relations between the two countries have witnessed rapid developments in recent years.

In July 2020, the Qatari Foreign Minister hailed his country's relationship with Turkey. "Strategic relations between Qatar and Turkey are growing day by day, particularly in the economic, investment, commercial and energy fields, as well as defence cooperation to serve the common interests of our nations”.

A senior member of Erdogan’s ruling AK Party government received a $65 million bribe from Qatari intelligence to push ahead with a 2015 deal that allowed the deployment of Turkish troops to Qatar, according to Sweden-based monitoring site Nordic Monitor.

Nordic Monitor’s report cited an intercepted 19-page intelligence document that proved Ahmet Berat Conkar, the head of the Turkish parliament's foreign affairs commission at the time, secretly communicated with a Qatari intelligence officer regarding the deal.

Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, Bahrain and Egypt cut of diplomatic and trade ties with Qatar over Doha’s support of terrorism and issued a list of 13 demands, including the closing down of the Turkish military installation.